Fred’s Head from APH, a Blindness Blog

Fred’s Head, offered by the American Printing House for the Blind, contains tips, techniques, tutorials, in-depth articles, and resources for and by blind or visually impaired people. Our blog is named after the legendary Fred Gissoni, renowned for answering a seemingly infinite variety of questions on every aspect of blindness.

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Tuesday, September 23, 2008

Internet Resources for Teaching Math to Visually Impaired Students

Math class can be difficult for anybody. Even sighted students need to use special tools and techniques to help them translate information on a page into an internal visualization. For blind and visually impaired students, these tools and techniques are just a little different. Fred's Head has compiled a list of websites that contain information about these tips and tools in order to help teachers get their blind students into the loop.

This first site is aimed at teaching visually impaired students.

Teaching Math to Visually Impaired Students

This is the mother of all math resources. Compiled by Susan Osterhaus, who has taught at the Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired for more than twenty years, this site contains teaching strategies, resources, and information about various tools such as calculators and abacuses. Consult this resource and bring twenty years of experience into your lesson plans. Click this link to start Teaching Math to Visually Impaired Students: .

The rest of these sites are general math resources, not resources aimed specifically at visually impaired students.

Teaching Math to Young Children

This website is one of a series of webpages written by Rick Garlikov to help students understand math and to help parents teach math to their children. Click this link to start Teaching Math to Young Children:

Math Forum

This site provides math information organized by subject for K- College. In each category there are classroom materials, software, Internet projects, and public forums. Click this link to visit the Math Forum at

The Eisenhower National Clearinghouse

This site provides K-12 teachers with a central source of information on mathematics and science curriculum materials. Click this link to visit the Eisenhower National Clearinghouse:

Illustrated Mathematics Dictionary

Easy-to-understand definitions, with illustrations and links to further reading. Start browsing the definitions using the letters, or use the Search function on the left side of the page. This dictionary is appropriate for elementary and middle school students. The dictionary is not animated or illustrated, but the practice exercises and demonstrations are illustrated. Click this link to visit the Illustrated Mathematics Dictionary at

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