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Fred’s Head, offered by the American Printing House for the Blind, contains tips, techniques, tutorials, in-depth articles, and resources for and by blind or visually impaired people. Our blog is named after the legendary Fred Gissoni, renowned for answering a seemingly infinite variety of questions on every aspect of blindness.

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Wednesday, November 16, 2005

Sources for Braille Transcription Codes with Emphasis on Phonetics

The following is a listing of some of Braille transcription codes with a special emphasis on phonetics. All of these have information about writing English Braille, and some of these tell how to transcribe symbols for both English and foreign language "sounds." All are available for purchase through the American Printing House for the Blind. For APH Customer Service, call 800-223-1839 or follow this link to the Louis Database of Accessible Materials to order these materials directly. Literary Braille Code

  • English Braille, American edition. Revised edition compiled by the American Association of Workers for the Blind, Association for the Education of the Visually Handicapped, the National Braille Association, and the Braille Authority of North America. Louisville: American Printing House for the Blind, 1972.
  • English Braille, American edition, 1959: changes to the 1972 revision. Adopted by the Braille Authority of North America. Louisville: American Printing House for the Blind, 1980.
  • English Braille, American edition, 1959: changes to the 1972 revision. Adopted by the Braille Authority of North America. Louisville: American Printing House for the Blind, 1987.
  • English Braille, American edition, 1959: changes to the 1972 revision. Adopted by the Braille Authority of North America. Louisville: American Printing House for the Blind, 1991.
  • English Braille, American edition, 1959: chart of contractions, selected symbols, and simplified rules. Jackson, IL: Illinois Braille and Sight Saving School, 1959. (Available from the American Printing House for the Blind.
  • Provisional Guidelines for Literary Linear Braille Format. Compiled by the Braille Authority of North America. Louisville: American Printing House for the Blind, 1987. (Print or braille copies free to Library of Congress-certified literary braille transcribers from the Braille Development Section, National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped, Library of Congress, Washington, DC 20542.)

Mathematics Braille Code
  • The Nemeth Braille Code for Mathematics and Science notation. 1972 Revised edition. Compiled by the American Association of Workers for the Blind, Association for the Education of the Visually Handicapped, the National Braille Association, and the Braille Authority of North America. Louisville: American Printing House for the Blind, 1972. (Print or braille copies free to Library of Congress- certified mathematics transcribers from the Braille Development Section, National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped, Library of Congress.)

Computer Braille Code
  • Code for Computer Braille Notation. Compiled by the Braille Authority of North America. Louisville: American Printing House for the Blind, 1987.
  • Computer Braille Code Supplement, Flowchart Design for Applicable Braille Codes. Compiled under the authority of the Braille Authority of North America. Louisville: American Printing House for the Blind, 1992.

Foreign-Language Braille Code
  • Contracted German: the reformed German braille contractions. By Adam Heinz. Louisville: American Printing House for the Blind, 1972.

Music Braille Code
  • Manual of braille music notation, American edition. Compiled by the Braille Authority of North America. Louisville: American Printing House for the Blind, 1990.
  • Manual of braille music notation supplement, American edition, and 1993 International supplement. Compiled by the Braille Authority of North America, Music Technical Committee. Louisville: American Printing House for the Blind, 1993. (Print or braille copies free to Library of Congress- certified music transcribers from the Braille Development Section, National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped, Library of Congress.)

Textbook Braille Code
  • Code of braille textbook formats and techniques. Compiled by the American Association of Workers for the Blind, Association of Educators of the Visually Handicapped, National Braille Association, and Braille Authority of North America. Louisville: American Printing House for the Blind, 1977, 1980 braille edition (Appendix E omitted, 1980 BANA changes included), 1980 print edition (BANA changes included).
  • Braille Formats: Principals of Print to Braille Transcription, by the Braille Authority of North America, available from the American Printing House for the Blind.


Contributor: Barbara Henderson

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