Fred’s Head from APH, a Blindness Blog

Fred’s Head, offered by the American Printing House for the Blind, contains tips, techniques, tutorials, in-depth articles, and resources for and by blind or visually impaired people. Our blog is named after the legendary Fred Gissoni, renowned for answering a seemingly infinite variety of questions on every aspect of blindness.

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Wednesday, July 27, 2011

Food Safety Tips

There are three Main Rules for Food Safety:

  • Keep everything clean in the kitchen.
  • Keep cold foods cold.
  • Keep hot foods hot.

Beware of hidden dangers

^DBL Spoiled Food and Food Poisoning

Spoiled food is easy to spot since it usually looks and smells bad, but food poisoning is another story. Food poisoning is a bacteria that cannot be tasted, seen, or smelled. The following points will help keep a person safe:

  • Always use paper towels when working with, or cleaning up after raw meat and even vegetables. Vegetables maybe shipped from other countries and some of their safety standards are not as strict as the United States.

  • Keep pets out of the kitchen while cooking, especially if they are generally outdoor animals.

  • Keep kitchen linen's washed regularly since bacteria tends to hang out in sponges, towels and cloths that are used over and over. Throw out dirty or mildewed dish sponges or clean them in the dishwasher.

  • Clean and wash hands with soap, that says "antibacterial".

  • Always wash hands, utensils or anything that raw meat or vegetables were around.

  • Cover any skin cut or opening with bandage or gloves or protective plastic of some kind.

  • Any cutting boards other than wood are the safest for cutting raw foods on because they are less porous than wooden boards.

  • Do not mix raw meat with cooked meat because this could transfer bacteria. For example, do not take raw hamburger out to the grill to cook and put cooked ones back on the same plate.

Hot Foods

Bacteria will thrive at room temperature or in lukewarm food, so do not allow hot foods to be at room temperature for more than two hours; to keep hot foods hot that means keep it above 140° or higher.

Never partially cook or heat perishable foods because during cooking, the food may not reach a temperature high enough to destroy bacteria.

It is necessary to roast meat or poultry at 325° or above.

When reheating leftovers; stir often until steaming hot at 165°. If there are, any doubts about leftover foods throw it away because it is not worth getting sick over. "When in doubt, throw it out!"

Cold Foods

Since bacteria can thrive at room temperature, it can grow in foods that are suppose to be cold as well, so the same rule applies don't leave out for more than 2 hours at a time.

Always take perishable food home and refrigerate immediately.

Foods chill faster when space is allowed between them when stocking refrigerator and freezer. In addition, divide into smaller amounts in shallow containers helps to chill faster.

It's a good idea to buy a refrigerator thermometer to make sure your refrigerator is cooling at 35° to 40°. In addition, use a freezer thermometer to check that your freezer is staying at 0° or colder. If the power goes out do not open the doors. Food will be good for up to four hours and maybe a little longer depending on the circumstances.

You should not thaw foods at room temperature, but if you do, cook immediately at the correct temperature. The same thing applies if you thaw foods in the microwave.

Keep it clean and have a great time in the kitchen!

Talking Cooking Thermometer

Use this large-display talking thermometer for cooking, hobbies, gardening, and much more!

Easy to Use
  • Simply press the on/talk button on the front and within one second the thermometer is ready
  • Apply probe to medium to be measured
  • Wait a few seconds to allow probe tip to reach full temperature
  • Press the same on/talk button to hear the temperature
  • Always clean probe after each use
  • Slide probe into convenient protector provided to store for next use
  • Speaks the temperature at a touch of a button
  • Easy-to-read LCD Display, large 3/8-inch digits, great for low vision users!
  • Accurate temperature reading within seconds
  • Select Fahrenheit or Celsius with a touch of a button
  • Contoured design fits comfortably in your hand
  • Automatically turns off after 10 minutes to maximize battery life
  • Hinged battery door, permanently connected
  • Requires 2 AAA batteries (included)

Measures 9.25 inches long x 2 inches wide.

Note: This thermometer is not for medical use and is not available on quota.

Catalog Number: 1-03992-00
Click this link to purchase the Talking Cooking Thermometer from APH.

American Printing House for the Blind, Inc.
1839 Frankfort Avenue
Mailing Address: P.O. Box 6085
Louisville, Kentucky 40206-0085
Toll Free: 800-223-1839
Phone: 502-895-2405
Fax: 502-899-2274
Web site:
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