Fred’s Head from APH, a Blindness Blog

Fred’s Head, offered by the American Printing House for the Blind, contains tips, techniques, tutorials, in-depth articles, and resources for and by blind or visually impaired people. Our blog is named after the legendary Fred Gissoni, renowned for answering a seemingly infinite variety of questions on every aspect of blindness.

(See the end of this page for subscribing via email, RSS, browsing articles by subject, blog archive, APH resources, writing for Fred's Head, and disclaimers.)



Friday, August 31, 2012

The History of Labor Day

Have you ever wanted to know why we celebrate Labor Day? It traditionally marks the end of summer and is celebrated with a day off work, parades, and cookouts, but where did it all start?

During the Industrial Revolution in America, workers' rights became a tense issue for many: 12-hour working days, no days off (7 day work week), very low pay, unsafe working conditions, and child labor all contributed to workers' fears and concerns. On September 5, 1882, 10,000 workers marched in New York City, on the first Monday in September. This became a popular tradition, but it wasn't until the deadly Pullman Strike of 1894 did Congress make Labor Day a Federal holiday.

To learn more about the history of Labor Day, visit The History Channel's History of Labor Day page.

On the site, you will find:
  • Labor Day History: This section breaks down into four parts, with each bringing you a different facet of Labor Day history.
    • How did we come to celebrate Labor Day?
    • What events took place that influenced labor history?
    • What is International Labor Day (or May Day) celebrated on May 1?
    • Why do we celebrate Labor Day in September?
  • Labor Leaders: Here you will learn about the men who may have proposed that the holiday be celebrated. No one knows for sure who founded the holiday, but you can learn about the men who most likely did here. This section breaks down into five parts, each dedicated to a different person or organization that has made a difference in the way labor is looked at. From labor laws to riots, these men surely influenced change.
  • Video: Here you will find eight videos on Labor Day history, including the new industrial revolution, child labor and more.
  • Image Gallery: Here you will find ten images from parades, factories, fields and strikes that color the history of labor in America. Not too exciting for us screen reader visitors, but nice for the low vision folks.
  • Poll: Here you can take a poll on whether or not you think the minimum wage should be increased.

No comments:

Subscribe to receive posts via email

* indicates required

Browse Articles by Subject

Follow us on Twitter


Write for us

Your input and support in the evolution of Fred's Head are invaluable! Contact us about contributing original writing or for suggestions for updating existing articles. Email us at


The American Printing House for the Blind (APH) makes every attempt to ensure the accuracy and reliability of the data contained in the Fred's Head articles; however, APH makes no warranty, guarantee, or promise, expressed or implied, concerning the content or accuracy of the information provided in Fred's Head. APH does not endorse any technique, product, device, service, organization, or other information presented in Fred's Head, other than products and services directly offered by APH.

The products produced by the American Printing House for the Blind are instructional/teaching materials and are intended to be used by trained professionals, parents, and other adults with children who are blind and visually impaired. These materials are not intended as toys for use by children in unstructured play or in an unsupervised environment.

The information and techniques contained in Fred's Head are provided without legal consideration (free-of-charge) and are not warranted by APH to be safe or effective. All users of this service assume the risk of any injury or damage that may result from the use of the information provided.

Information in Fred's Head is not intended as a substitute for professional advice or treatment. Consult your physician before utilizing information regarding your health that may be presented on this site. Consult other professionals as appropriate for legal, financial, and related advice.

Fred's Head articles may contain links to other websites. APH is not responsible for the content of these sites.

Fred's Head articles created by APH staff are (C) copyright American Printing House for the Blind, Inc. You must request permission from APH to reprint these articles. Email to request permission.

Any submissions to Fred's Head should be free of copyright restrictions and should be the intellectual property of the submitter. By submitting information to Fred's Head, you are granting APH permission to publish this information.

Fair Use Notice: This website may contain copyrighted material whose use has not been specifically authorized by the copyright holder(s). This site is operated on the assumption that using this information constitutes 'fair use' of said copyrighted material as provided for in Section 107 of U.S. Copyright Law.

Opinions appearing in Fred's Head records are solely those of the contributor and do not necessarily reflect the views of the American Printing House for the Blind.