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Showing posts from August, 2018

Introducing Two Great APH Childhood Literacy Products

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O&M Strategies for Working with Students with CVI

Partners in O&M: Supporting Orientation and Mobility for Students Who Are Visually Impaired, is a resource that bridges the gap between what O&M specialists teach, and every day life with parents and TVIs. In chapter 4, readers learn about O&M for children with CVI.


SIDEBAR 4.7 O&M Strategies for Working with Students with CVI Roman-Lantzy (2010, 2018) suggests that teaching strategies and modifications used when working with students with CVI should be individualized, based on the student’s CVI characteristics as well as O&M principles. The following are a few strategies and modifications that can be used by the O&M specialist as well as other members of the educational team.

Present objects in a student’s preferred visual field.Draw attention to non-preferred visual fields with movement or use of a preferred color.Increase visual attention to visual fields at a distance that are not preferred.Use lights, Mylar pom-poms, or other reflective materials with light sh…

Throwback Thursday: Braille Checkers

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One part of our collection that I do not write enough about is our games.  I love board games, myself.  My family has a mountain retreat stocked with favorite books, well-worn vinyl records, and stacks and stacks of board games.  Our Throwback Thursday object this week is a cardboard box of plastic checkers.  One set is round and the other is square.  They were distributed by Lions International, around 1970, and marketed as “Braille Checkers,” but there is really no braille on them.  You sometimes see tactile things marked that way, as if “braille” is a synonym for tactile.  I think Louis would have liked that, but it probably drives folks who work on the braille code crazy.  The checkers were manufactured by Wilson Plastics and the set came with a plastic board made by Dow Chemical that featured indented squares.  Unfortunately, we do not have one of the original boards, but we are still looking!

Deciding When to Cross at Uncontrolled Crossings

Instructing someone who is blind or visually impaired how to cross the road is an important O&M skill. Properly gauging the traffic around you can be the difference between safely getting around and being in an accident. Orientation and Mobility Techniques has a handy guide for crossing at uncontrolled crossings.


Deciding Where to Cross Deciding When to Cross at Uncontrolled Crossings Purpose: to enable the learner to evaluate the crossing situation and determine whether she can hear or see traffic with enough warning to know when it is clear to cross and to make the correct timing decision for the crossing (Sauerburger, 1999, 2005, 2006, n.d.). PROCEDURE AT A GLANCE      1. The learner estimates the width of the street and the amount of time it will take to cross the street.      2.  The learner waits for a quiet period, then listens for approaching vehicles on the perpendicular street.      3.  The learner notes the warning time of each vehicle (the time between when it was first hear …

Throwback Thursday: Scrapbooks From the American Red Cross

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Our Throwback this week comes from a wonderful set of five scrapbooks assembled by Dorothy Fuller in Berkeley, California between about 1936 and 1989.  Fuller was an American Red Cross volunteer who worked in a shop that translated and bound braille books.  The black and white photograph from 1948 shows four women in neat uniform dresses, each with a Red Cross emblem and pin on their right pocket.  Dorothy Fuller is on the far left, stitching the spine of a book together.  To her right, Julia Philbrick uses a machine to manually punch holes in paper.  Further right and in the background, Daphne Isenhour uses a glue pot and brush to assemble book covers.  And in the far right foreground, Calla Baker brushes the braille pages with shellac to reinforce and stiffen them.  An accompanying news story brags that the shop is the largest braille bindery in the west.  The Braille Division of the Berkeley Chapter of the American Red Cross began in 1928, with Daisy Beck as chairman. Volunteers in…

Throwback Thursday: The Automatic Writer

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Our object this week is a handwriting guide.  Before—and after really—the invention of the typewriter, there were a lot of attempts to create the perfect writing guide.  This is the “Automatic Writer” from around 1897.  But it has a better story than most.  It was invented by Edith Ferguson Black (1857-1936) the Canadian born author ofA Beautiful PossibilityandA Princess in Calico. "During an illness when weakened eyes hampered her literary work, she circumvented her doctor's prohibition against writing by inventing a writing machine for the blind which she then patented." (Simon Fraser University Library, Canada's Early Women Writer's Project.)  The spring loaded leaf on the top of the guide allowed the writing instrument to dip below the main line for cursive forms of letters like y and g.  Typewriting and computer printing pretty much eliminated writing guides except for simple devices to write checks or sign autographs.

O & M: Enforcing Skills for Independence

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By Jessica Minneci
Visually impaired individuals, such as myself, often have a difficult time orienting themselves to a new setting. In these instances, people may ask for assistance. Unfortunately, most of the time, the help they receive is not “helpful.”

For example, could you imagine having trouble receiving proper guidance to a seat in a restaurant? Sadly, I have experienced this issue multiple times in the past. One afternoon, my legally blind friend and I decided to eat at a local pizza restaurant. Upon entering the diner, my friend asked the hostess if she could lead us to a table. The hostess, not seeing both of our canes, was confused. She proceeded to tell us that the table was “over there.” I thanked the hostess, but explained to her that we were both legally blind and couldn’t see where she was pointing. My friend asked for sighted guide to our table, meaning that the hostess should offer my friend her elbow. My friend would hold on to her elbow and I would hold on to my fri…

Muhammad Waheed's Goalball Journey

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